United States Marine Corps Challenge Coin

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The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations with the United States Navy as well as the Army and Air Force. The U.S. Marine Corps is one of the four armed service branches in the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

The Marine Corps has been a component of the U.S. Department of the Navy since 30 June 1834, working closely with naval forces. The USMC operates installations on land and aboard sea-going amphibious warfare ships around the world. Additionally, several of the Marines' tactical aviation squadrons, primarily Marine Fighter Attack squadrons, are also embedded in Navy carrier air wings and operate from the aircraft carriers.

The history of the Marine Corps began when two battalions of Continental Marines were formed on 10 November 1775 in Philadelphia as a service branch of infantry troops capable of fighting both at sea and on shore. In the Pacific theater of World War II the Corps took the lead in a massive campaign of amphibious warfare, advancing from island to island. As of 2017, the USMC has around 186,000 active duty members and some 38,500 reserve Marines. It is the smallest U.S. military service within the DoD.

10 November 1775

Marine Combined Arms

Amphibious and expeditionary warfare

182,000 active (as of 2017)
38,500 reserve (as of 2017)
1,304 manned aircraft (Total includes 11 VH-3D and 8 VH-60N of HMX-1 not listed by WAF 2018)

Part of U.S. Department of Defense
Department of the Navy (since 1834)

The Pentagon
Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.

"Jarheads", "Devil Dogs", "Teufel Hunden", "Leathernecks"

Semper Fidelis

Scarlet and Gold

"Semper Fidelis"
"The Marine's Hymn"

English Bulldog

10 November

American Revolutionary War
First Barbary War
War of 1812
Second Barbary War
West Indies Anti-Piracy Operations
Seminole Wars
African Anti-Slavery Operations
Aegean Sea Anti-Piracy Operations
First Sumatran expedition
Second Sumatran expedition
United States exploring expedition
Capture of Monterey
Mexican–American War
Bombardment of Greytown
Battle of Ty-ho Bay
First Fiji expedition
Second Opium War
Second Fiji expedition
Paraguay expedition
Reform War
John Brown's raid
American Civil War
Bombardment of Qui Nhon
Shimonoseki Campaign
Formosa expedition
United States expedition to Korea
Egyptian Expedition (1882)
Bering Sea Anti-Poaching Operations
Kingdom of Hawaii overthrowal
Second Samoan Civil War
Banana Wars
Spanish–American War
Second Occupation of Cuba
Border War
Negro Rebellion
Occupation of Nicaragua
Occupation of Haiti
Occupation of the Dominican Republic (1916)
Sugar Intervention
Philippine–American War
Boxer Rebellion
World War I
Russian Civil War
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
1958 Lebanon Crisis
Occupation of the Dominican Republic (1965)
Iranian Hostage Rescue
Multinational Force in Lebanon
Invasion of Grenada
1986 bombing of Libya
Tanker War
Earnest Will
Prime Chance
Eager Glacier
Nimble Archer
Praying Mantis
Invasion of Panama
Persian Gulf War
Somali Civil War
Iraqi no-fly zones
Bosnian War
Kosovo War
International Force for East Timor
Operation Enduring Freedom
Horn of Africa
Pankisi Gorge
Trans Sahara
Caribbean and Central America
Iraq War
Pakistan-United States skirmishes
Operation Odyssey Dawn
2014 Intervention against ISIL
Operation Inherent Resolve
Resolute Support Mission
Battle of Khasham

U.S. Navy Presidential Unit Citation
Joint Meritorious Unit Award
Navy Unit Commendation
Valorous Unit Award
Meritorious Unit Commendation
French Croix de guerre 1914–1918
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation
Korean Presidential Unit Citation
Vietnam Gallantry Cross
Vietnam Civil Actions Medal